Histogram

Title
Histogram Element
Dependencies
Matplotlib
Backends
Matplotlib
Bokeh
In [1]:
import numpy as np
import holoviews as hv
hv.extension('matplotlib')

Histogram s partition the x axis into discrete (but not necessarily regular) bins, showing counts in each as a bar. A Histogram accepts the output of np.histogram as input, which consists of a tuple of the histogram values with a shape of N and bin edges with a shape of N+1 . As a simple example we will generate a histogram of a normal distribution with 20 bins.

In [2]:
np.random.seed(1)
data = np.random.randn(10000)
frequencies, edges = np.histogram(data, 20)
print('Values: %s, Edges: %s' % (frequencies.shape[0], edges.shape[0]))
hv.Histogram((edges, frequencies))
Values: 20, Edges: 21
Out[2]:

The Histogram Element will also expand evenly sampled bin centers, therefore we can easily cast between a linearly sampled Curve or Scatter and a Histogram.

In [3]:
xs = np.linspace(0, np.pi*2)
ys = np.sin(xs)
curve = hv.Curve((xs, ys))
curve + hv.Histogram(curve)
Out[3]:

The .hist method is an easy way to compute a histogram from an existing Element:

In [4]:
points = hv.Points(np.random.randn(100,2))

points.hist(dimension=['x','y'])
Out[4]:

The .hist method is just a convenient wrapper around the histogram operation that computes a histogram from an Element, and then adjoins the resulting histogram to the main plot. You can also do this process manually; here we create an additional set of Points , compute a Histogram for the 'x' and 'y' dimension on each, and then overlay them and adjoin to the plot.

In [5]:
%%opts Histogram (alpha=0.3)
from holoviews.operation import histogram
points2 = hv.Points(np.random.randn(100,2)*2+1).redim.range(x=(-5, 5), y=(-5, 5))

xhist, yhist = (histogram(points2, bin_range=(-5, 5), dimension=dim) *
                histogram(points,  bin_range=(-5, 5), dimension=dim) 
                for dim in 'xy')
(points2 * points) << yhist(plot=dict(width=125)) << xhist(plot=dict(height=125))
Out[5]:

For full documentation and the available style and plot options, use hv.help(hv.Histogram).


Download this notebook from GitHub (right-click to download).